Party Tote Lilac Leather Clutch with Purse Floral Evening Handbags Crossbodybag Wedding Women's Satchel Bags 3D Green Flower for aZYnwB

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Some examples of animal diversity.

A Phylum (pl. Phyla) is the largest formal major grouping within animal taxonomy. This list is presented in alphabetical order, and not in any systematic/evolutionary arrangement. This list is also available in table form. Science is by no means static. There are arguments of all sizes and shapes about the taxonomy of the Animal Phyla. Other sources may combine or split these listed Phyla. However, at this time, the list presented here should stand in good stead for an introduction to the topic of animal diversity.

There are approximately 2 million animal species that have been described by science.

This list tries to give the following information on each Phylum:

  • Phylum Name
  • A link to a subpage discussing that Phylum in more detail (if it yet exists)
  • Name Meaning (in English)
  • An English Common Name, where one is in regular use
  • Distinguishing characteristics of animals within the Phylum
  • An approximate number of species described within that Phylum. Since zoology fortunately refuses to stand still, this number can change.

Oh! And there's a quiz at the end. See also Lesson Plan for Animal Phyla. Or head to Introduction_to_Taxonomy for more on that topic. You can also visit Plant Divisions (Phyla), the equivalent page for plants.

Acanthocephala[edit]

An Acanthocephalan, Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus, adult.

Acanthocephala

Name Meaning: Thorny head

English Common Name: Thorny-headed worms

Major distinguishing characteristics: Reversible spiny proboscis

Approximate number of species described: 1,151

Acoelomorpha[edit]

Acoelomorpha

Acoelomorpha

Name Meaning: Without gut

English Common Name: Acoels

Major distinguishing characteristics: No mouth or alimentary canal

Approximate number of species described: unknown

3D Crossbodybag with Women's Party Evening Leather Lilac for Clutch Purse Bags Handbags Floral Satchel Wedding Tote Flower Green Annelida[edit]

An feather duster worm of the family Sabellidae in parchment tube.

Annelida

Name Meaning: Little ring

English Common Name: Segmented worms, annelids

Major distinguishing characteristics: Multiple circular segments

Approximate number of species described: 22,000 modern

Arthropoda[edit]

A scorpion, an example of an Arthropod

Arthropoda

Name Meaning: Jointed foot

English Common Name: Arthropods

Major distinguishing characteristics: Chitin exoskeleton

Approximate number of species described: 1,134,000+

Brachiopoda[edit]

Brachiopoda

Name Meaning: Arm foot

English Common Name: Lamp shells, brachiopod

Major distinguishing characteristics: Lophophore and pedicle

Approximate number of species described: between 300 and 500 extant

Bryozoa[edit]

A freshwater Bryozoan, species unknown.

15 Tech for Backpack Black Air 6 Tech Carrying Notebook Air 6wYqR1X

Name Meaning: Moss animals

English Common Name: Moss animals, sea mats, bryozoans

Major distinguishing characteristics: Lophophore, no pedicle, ciliated tentacles

Approximate number of species described: about 5,000 living species

Chaetognatha[edit]

Chaetognathans.

Chaetognatha

Name Meaning: Longhair jaw

English Common Name: Arrow worms

Major distinguishing characteristics: Chitinous spines either side of head, fins

Approximate number of species described: about 100 modern species

Chordata[edit]

Clavelina lepadiformis, a non-vertebrate chordates.

Chordata

Name Meaning: Cord

Handle Hasp Bag Small Bucket Pompom Hollow Bamboo Ball Woven Hobo Drawstring I Out Large Straw Abuyall Bag Shoulder Straw Bag Beaded q1gwx14

English Common Name: Chordates

Major distinguishing characteristics: Hollow dorsal nervous chord

Approximate number of species described: about 100,000+

Cnidaria[edit]

Cynarina lacrymalis an anthozoan member of the Phylum Cnidaria.

Cnidaria

Name Meaning: Stinging nettle

English Common Name: Coelenterates, cnidarians, sea anemones, jellies, hydra

Major distinguishing characteristics: Cnidocytes (stinging cells)

Approximate number of species described: about 11,000

Ctenophora[edit]

Mertensia, a Ctenophore.

Ctenophora

Name Meaning: Comb bearer

English Common Name: Comb jellies, Ctenophores

Major distinguishing characteristics: Eight "comb rows" of fused cilia

Approximate number of species described: about 100 modern species

Cycliophora[edit]

Cycliophora

Name Meaning: Wheel carrying

English Common Name: Symbion

Major distinguishing characteristics: Circular mouth surrounded by small cilia

Approximate number of species described: at least 3

Echinodermata[Evening Widewing Messenger Women Purse Bags Hologram Crossbody Shell Shoulder qww4pfedit]

Satchel Crossbodybag 3D Lilac Evening Tote Wedding Handbags Floral Party Green for Bags Purse with Clutch Women's Leather Flower Crinoideos, an example of Ecinoderms.

Echinodermata

Name Meaning: Spiny skin

English Common Name: Echinoderms

Major distinguishing characteristics: Five-fold radial symmetry, mesodermal layer, calcified spines

Approximate number of species described: about 7,000 living species and 13,000 extinct ones

Entoprocta[edit]

Happiness is tote Green pole Happiness is bag dancing rfqBarwx
Barentsa discreta suzukokemusi, a species of goblet worm.

Entoprocta

Name Meaning: Inside anus

English Common Name: Goblet worm

Major distinguishing characteristics: Anus inside ring of cilia

Approximate number of species described: about 150

Gastrotricha[edit]

Chaetonotus polyspinosus a species of meiofauna.

Gastrotricha

Name Meaning: Hair stomach

English Common Name: Meiofauna

Two terminal adhesive tubes

Approximate number of species described: about 690

Gnathostomulida[edit]

Gnathostomula paradoxa, a jaw worm.

Gnathostomulida

Name Meaning: Jaw orifice

English Common Name: Jaw worms

Major distinguishing characteristics:

Approximate number of species described: about 100

Hemichordata[edit]

Glossograptus whitfieldii, a fossil hemichordate.

Hemichordata

Name Meaning: Half cord

English Common Name: Acorn worms

Major distinguishing characteristics: Stomochord in collar

Approximate number of species described: about 100 living species

Kinorhyncha[edit]

Paracentrophyes quadridentatus, a mud dragon.

Kinorhyncha

Name Meaning: Motion snout

English Common Name: Mud dragons

Major distinguishing characteristics: Eleven segments, each with a dorsal plate

Approximate number of species described: about 150

Loricifera[edit]

A member of the Phylum Loricifera, Pliciloricus enigmatus.

Loricifera

Green Party with Bags 3D Purse Women's Crossbodybag Leather Evening Floral for Lilac Flower Handbags Clutch Tote Satchel Wedding Name Meaning: Corset bearer

English Common Name: Brush heads

Major distinguishing characteristics: Umbrella-like scales at each end

Approximate number of species described: about 122

Micrognathozoa[edit]

Limnonathia, drawing, a Micrognathozoan.

Micrognathozoa (sometimes called Phylum Gnathifera)

Name Meaning: Tiny jaw animals

English Common Name: Micrognathozoans

Major distinguishing characteristics: Accordion like extensible thorax

Approximate number of species described: 1

Mollusca[Make Gives Limoncello HippoWarehouse You 10 Bag x38cm Beach Tote Life Lemons When Classic 42cm Red litres Gym Shopping wqwCSEX]

A group of Gastropod shells, Phylum Mollusca.

Mollusca

Name Meaning: Thin shell

English Common Name: Mollusks or molluscs

Major distinguishing characteristics: Muscular foot and Mantle, round shell

Approximate number of species described: 85,000


Nematoda[edit]

DuDu DuDu Women's Shoulder Bag green Women's Size Green One qwgSUgH
Mermis nigrescens beentree, a nematode worm.

Nematoda

Name Meaning: Thread like

English Common Name: Round worms, Nematodes

Major distinguishing characteristics: Round cross section, keratin, cuticle

Approximate number of species described: 80 000 - 1 million

Nematomorpha[edit]

A Gordian worm, Phylum Nematomorpha.

Nematomorpha

Name Meaning: Thread form

English Common Name: Horsehair worms

Major distinguishing characteristics:

Approximate number of species described: about 320

Nemertea[edit]

Micrura alaskensis, a ribbon worm.

Bookbag Backpack Bag Women Travel 3D Multicolour Shoulder Multicolour3 Men School Kanpola Galaxy Satchel Rucksack aTRzwq

Name Meaning: A sea nymph

English Common Name: Ribbon worms

Major distinguishing characteristics:

Approximate number of species described: about 1200

Onychophora[edit]

Euperipatoides kanangrensis, a velvet worm.

Onychophora

Name Meaning: Claw bearer

English Common Name: Velvet worms

Major distinguishing characteristics: Legs tipped by chitinous claws

Approximate number of species described: about 200 modern

Orthonectida[edit]

Orthonetida, an Orthonectidan.

Orthonectida

Name Meaning: Straight swim

English Common Name: Orthonectida

Major distinguishing characteristics:

Approximate number of species described: about 20

Phoronida[edit]

Phoronida

Name Meaning: Zeus' mistress

English Common Name: Horseshoe worms

Major distinguishing characteristics: U-shaped gut

Approximate number of species described: 20

Placozoa[editLilac Purse with for Green Clutch Evening Floral Bags Leather Tote Satchel Handbags Party Wedding 3D Crossbodybag Women's Flower ]

Trichoplax adhaerens, the only Placozoan.

Placozoa

Name Meaning: Plate animals

Green Satchel 3D Leather Bags Flower Tote Party Purse Crossbodybag for Handbags with Wedding Evening Lilac Floral Women's Clutch English Common Name: none

Major distinguishing characteristics:

Approximate number of species described: 1

Platyhelminthes[edit]

Gigantolina elongata, a flat worm.

Platyhelminthes

Name Meaning: Flat worms

English Common Name: Flat worms

Wedding Tote with for Evening Flower Satchel Leather Women's Party Lilac Purse Crossbodybag Clutch 3D Floral Handbags Bags Green Major distinguishing characteristics:

Approximate number of species described: about 25,000

Porifera[edit]

Porifera

Name Meaning: Pore bearer

English Common Name: Sponges

Satchel Women's Lilac Floral Party 3D Purse Bags Crossbodybag Flower Handbags Evening for with Clutch Leather Wedding Green Tote Major distinguishing characteristics: Perforated interior wall

Approximate number of species described: over 5,000 modern

Priapulida[edit]

Priapulus caudatus, a Priapulid worm.

Priapulida

Name Meaning: Penis

English Common Name: Priapulid worms

Major distinguishing characteristics: Retractable proboscis surrounded by papillae

Approximate number of species described: 17

Rhombozoa[edit]

Limnognathia maerski, a lozenge animal.

Rhombozoa

Name Meaning: Lozenge animal

English Common Name: Lozenge animals

Major distinguishing characteristics: Single axial cell surrounded by ciliated cells

Approximate number of species described: 75

Rotifera[edit]

An unidentified rotifer.
Wolf Women's Totes Leather Bags Shoulder Purses Top Fashion Spirit Moonight Howling Handbag PU TIZORAX Handle wCqB5gw

Rotifera

Name Meaning: Wheel bearer English Common Name: Rotifers

Major distinguishing characteristics: Anterior crown of cilia

Approximate number of species described: about 2000

Sipuncula[edit]

Sipunculus nudus, a peanut worm.

Sipuncula

Name Meaning: Small tube

English Common Name: Peanut worms

Major distinguishing characteristics: Mouth surrounded by invertible tentacles

Approximate number of species described: 144-320

with Women's Green Handbags 3D Clutch Purse Wedding Floral Satchel for Flower Tote Evening Crossbodybag Lilac Party Leather Bags Tardigrada[edit]

Tardigrade Lilac Crossbodybag Flower Floral Handbags with Green Purse Satchel for Wedding Clutch Evening Leather Tote Bags Party 3D Women's Milnesium tardigradum in active state.

x38cm Alone Leave litres Speaking To I'm Beach BLACK Tortoise Gym Shopping Only 42cm My Bag Tote 10 Today Me BLACK 55TwqrZ

Name Meaning: Slow step

English Common Name: Water bears

Major distinguishing characteristics: Four segmented body and head

Approximate number of species described: 1,000+

Xenoturbellida[edit]

Xenoturbellida

Name Meaning: Strange flatworm

English Common Name: none

Major distinguishing characteristics: Ciliated deuterostome

Approximate number of species described: 2

Quizzes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Brusca, Richard C., Wendy Moore, Stephen M. Shuster. Invertebrate Zoology 3rd ed. 2016. Sinauer. 1104 pp.
  • Phylum on Wikipedia
Subject classification: this is a science resource.
Subject classification: this is a biology resource.